The MayoClinic.com explained that the tics from Tourette syndrome are classified into two groups: simple tics and complex tics. With a simple tic, the patient has a brief involuntary action that has minimum movement. In comparison, with a complex tic, the patient has involuntary movements that involve multiple muscles. Tourette syndrome patients can have motor tics and vocal tics, which can be simple or complex. For example, eye blinking is a simple motor tic and arm flapping is a complex motor tic. In addition, yelling is a simple vocal tic and using expletives is a complex vocal tic.
Doctors can prescribe medications for the treatment of Tourette syndrome. For example, dopamine blockers are used for tics. Examples of dopamine blockers include risperidone, fluphenazine, pimozide and haloperidol. These drugs work by reducing the amount of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the brain, which helps control the tics. However, these medications do have side effects, such as cognitive dulling and movement disorders, according to MedlinePlus.
Reuters Health reports that a type of behavior therapy, called comprehensive behavioral intervention for tics (CIBT), can treat the tics at a similar effectiveness as the medications, but without the side effects.
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