Sexually transmitted diseases are rampant in today’s society. Although men and women have anatomical differences, both are equally susceptible to acquiring STDs, and have similar symptoms and treatment options.
It pays to keep yourself informed about risk factors, symptoms and treatment options for some of the most common STDs for both men and women.
1) Human Papillomavirus
According to the CDC, HPV is so common that nearly all sexually active men and women become infected at some point in their lives. There are many different types of HPV, and some can cause health issues such as genital warts and cancer.
The virus is most commonly spread through vaginal or anal sex. HPV can be transmitted even when an infected person has no signs or symptoms.
Most men who get HPV never develop symptoms, and the infection usually goes away on its own. However, if it does not, HPV can cause genital warts and cancer.
There is no specific treatment for HPV, but there are treatments for health issues caused by HPV.
According to WebMD, chlamydia is the most commonly reported STD in the United States. It is spread mostly by vaginal or anal sex, but you can also get it through oral sex. Symptoms can include an unusual discharge from your genitals, or pain or burning upon urination.
Twenty-five percent of women show symptoms, and 50 percent of men will be symptomatic. Treatment for chlamydia includes antibiotics, and re-testing after three months.
Gonorrhea and chlamydia have similar symptoms of unusual discharge and a burning sensation upon urination. Most men with gonorrhea show symptoms, but only about 20 percent of women do. Gonorrhea is treated with antibiotics.
According to the CDC, men accounted for 76 percent of all adults and adolescents living with HIV infection at the end of 2010 in the United States. Men who have sex with men, also known as MSM, account for most new and existing HIV infections among men.
Most HIV infections are transmitted through sexual contact, especially anal sex for men.