Gone are the days of old when an old sheath was wrapped around a penis or the “pull and pray” method were the only choices we had. Today’s birth control options are vast, and offer something for everyone.
One of the most popular choices is the birth control pill, simply known as the Pill. The Pill is a hormone regulating medication that stops a woman from ovulating and also thickens the cervical mucus in order to make it difficult for sperm to pass. There are various kinds of Pills available and women should talk to their doctors about which ones might be right for them. Missed doses and certain medications can render the Pill ineffective.
Condoms are also a very widely used method of birth control and (unlike the Pill) can also provide protection from the many STDs and STIs out there. Used properly, they are very effective but not a guarantee against certain viruses like HPV. The female condom is also available and is seeing its usage grow. You can read more about the female condom here: https://www.empowher.com/sex-amp-relationships/content/why-arent-you-usi...
Birth control shots like Depo Provera might be a good choice for those who have problems remembering to take a daily pill. The shot is administered every three months and is quite effective in preventing pregnancy.
The Patch is another birth control method, administered to the arm or other part of the body where it’s not likely to be accidentally removed or damaged. It works just like the birth control pill (thickening the cervical mucus and preventing ovulation and used for 21 days) but the thin patch is placed in the body once a week, instead of a daily pill.
Intrauterine devices like Mirena or ParaGard are small devices that are inserted into a woman's reproductive area and are effective against pregnancy for up to 10 years, depending on which one you choose. They can be removed anytime, if a woman does not like them or wants to get pregnant. There is also a rod that can be inserted in the arm, and is effective for up to three years.