HealthyWomen.org reported permanent birth control is the second most common form of birth control in the United States according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
According to a survey conducted by Harris Interactive on behalf of HealthyWomen.org, women say the benefits of permanent birth control include never having to worry about an unplanned pregnancy and the ability to have sex when and where you want.
Dr. Hector Chapa, a Board Certified OB/GYN, added that other advantages include simple economics.
“It’s expensive to raise a child. Permanent birth control is also reliable; doesn’t interfere with a woman’s lifestyle and it’s hormone-free,” he said.
Permanent birth control for females works by blocking, tying or cutting the fallopian tubes so an egg cannot travel to the uterus. There are two primary forms: surgical and non-surgical.
The surgical option is tubal ligation, also called “getting your tubes tied,” wrote WebMD. The fallopian tubes are sealed off, keeping a woman’s eggs from meeting any sperm. This procedure is generally effective immediately.
A tubal ligation can be performed under general anesthesia in a hospital or outpatient center and can be done laparoscopically with a telescope-like device inserted through a small incision in the abdomen according to HealthyWomen.org.
The non-surgical option involves soft flexible inserts, made by Essure, which are placed into each fallopian tube at a doctor's office. The inserts work with a woman’s body to form a natural barrier that prevents pregnancy.
Dr. Chapa said it’s a procedure that uses a woman’s natural pathway and is minimally invasive.
He described the procedure, saying that "small, micro-inserts are inserted into the fallopian tubes through the body’s vagina, similar to a pap smear. Over a three-month period, scar tissue grows around the micro-inserts forming a barrier, so the sperm cannot meet the egg; preventing pregnancy."
WomensHealth.gov cautioned that since it can take about three months for the scar tissue to grow, it's important to use another form of birth control during this time.