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Kidney Stones Prevention

Prevention

Once you have formed a kidney stone, you are more likely to form another. Here are some steps to prevent this condition:

  • Drink plenty of fluids, especially water.
  • Talk to your doctor about what diet is right for you. Depending on the type of stone you have, you may be advised to:
    • Avoid apple and grapefruit juices.
    • Drink more cranberry juice.
    • Avoid foods high in oxalate, such as spinach.
    • Eat less meat, fish, and poultry. These foods increase urine acidity.
    • Decrease your sodium intake (especially if you have calcium stones).
    • Increase your intake of magnesium .
    • Drink lemonade daily.
    • Increase your fiber intake.
    • Lose weight .
  • If you have an enlarged parathyroid gland, you may need to have it removed surgically.
  • Medications may include:
    • Drugs that control the amount of acid in the urine
    • Allopurinol or sodium cellulose phosphate—to treat urine high in calcium
    • Hydrochlorothiazide (a diuretic)—to treat urine high in calcium
    • Thiola—to reduce the amount of cystine in the urine

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright © 2019 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.

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