Dr. Heward explains what signs denote a woman is experiencing menopause.
There are a lot of signs of menopause. The most distressing signs and the ones that women report to their clinicians for help with are typically the emotional and vasomotor symptoms, the hot flashes and so forth, that are distressing, and night sweats and mood swings.
But, because menopause or the lack of estrogen in the blood stream, essentially estrogen withdrawal is associated with a lot of biochemical changes that happen as a result of hormone deprivation, you get a lot of changes biochemically that you may not feel, physiologically that you may not feel, but they’re still going on, such things as bone loss. You don’t feel it, but the period after menopause when your in the first five years without hormones, the bone loss that happens in these relatively young women is pretty distressing.
The same is true for the consequences on the brain. Women without estrogen are at greater risk for Alzheimer’s disease, and the biggest and least appreciated effect of estrogen deprivation is the effect on the heart. The cardio-protective benefits of estrogen are a matter of much discussion and debate these days, but in my opinion at least, based on the epidemiological data, are perhaps the most important and profound benefits of estrogen in a female.
About Dr. Heward, Ph.D.:
Dr. Christopher B. Heward is past-President of Kronos Science Laboratory. His primary responsibility was providing scientific and technical leadership for all laboratory activities. He oversaw the development and implementation of the clinical laboratory testing program; assisted in designing and refining both internally and externally sponsored clinical studies; directed and coordinated diagnostic product research and development; administered laboratory and patient databases; was principal investigator for the Kronos Longitudinal Aging Study (KLAS); and communicated Kronos’ discoveries and advances to lay and scientific audiences via presentations and publications. Dr. Heward’s research interests included healthy aging, endocrinology, oxidative stress, Alzheimer’s disease, prion disease (TSE) and menopause. Dr. Heward attended the University of Arizona and received a Bachelor of Arts degrees from both the Department of Psychology and the Department of Chemistry, as well as a Bachelor of Science degree from the Department of Biology. He earned his PhD from the Department of Biology in 1981.
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