When talking about sexual health for women I believe an explanation of all the organs that come into play is a great place to start. I have been teaching anatomy and physiology to nursing students for years and it always amazes me that the men in the class seem to know more about the female anatomy that some of the women in the class. Men know the anatomy, especially the external sex organs because they want to make their women happy. Women need to know both the internal and the external organs because they need to know their bodies to make sure their are taking care of themselves.
Women have sex organs on the inside of our bodies and the outside our bodies. Let’s start with the organs inside our bodies as women tend to be more familiar with those. Our ovaries are where we store our unfertilized eggs. In fact when women are born we have all the eggs we will ever produced already stored in our ovaries. Women have one ovary on each side of the body. Each month one egg completely matures from only one of the ovaries and leaves in hopes of being fertilized by a sperm. This is called ovulation. The ovaries also produce female hormones. In the first half of the month the ovaries produce estrogens. After ovulation the ovaries produce estrogens and progesterone until your period begins.
After the egg leaves the ovary it travels through small tube called the fallopian tubes. This is usually the site of fertilization, where the sperm meets and combines with the egg. The fallopian tubes are the tubes the egg travels through to get to the uterus where a fertilized egg implants itself and is nourished and grows into a fetus. If the egg is not fertilized then the egg and the lining of the uterus shed and this is what we see as a period. The lining of the uterus sheds and travels down the vaginal canal or the vagina and exits out of the body. The vagina is also used to receive the penis and sperm.
Next time we will continue the anatomy lesson by talking about our sex organs on the outside of the body. I hope you can begin to see that there are quite a few parts that make up women’s sexual health so we will have lots of parts to take care of.