The scientific name for low libido that causes distress in women is hypoactive sexual desire disorder. It's defined as persistently or recurrently deficient or absent sexual fantasies and desires, causing marked distress or relationship difficulties, and is not caused by a medical condition.
Many factors can cause low libido.
Physical issues such as pain during sex or inability to orgasm can hamper sexual desire. In addition, numerous nonsexual diseases can affect sexual desire including arthritis, cancer, diabetes, high blood pressure, coronary artery disease and neurological diseases.
Changes in hormone levels may alter sexual desire. Estrogen levels drop during the transition to menopause. At the same time, women may also experience a decrease in testosterone, which boosts sex drive in men and women alike. Pregnancy and breastfeeding can also put a damper on sex drive.
Libido is also affected by poor sleep, wrote Discovery Health.
There are many psychological causes of low sex drive, including anxiety and depression, stress, poor body image, low self-esteem, or a history of physical or sexual abuse.
While anxiety and depression can interfere with sexual desire, so can some of the medications used to treat these conditions. Birth control pills and blood pressure medications may also affect libido.
Relationship problems can be another factor in low libido. Mayo Clinic listed lack of connection with your partner, unresolved conflicts, and poor communication of sexual needs and preferences, as examples.
While no single resolution exists, certain treatments can offer significant help and aid overall well-being.
For one, have your doctor evaluate your medications to see if any dose changes need to be made.
Antidepressants like bupropion, may be prescribed to treat low libido in women who haven't been through menopause, or if other antidepressants have affected their sex drive.
Hormone therapy is another option. Estrogen delivered throughout the entire body can have a positive effect on brain function and mood factors that affect sexual response.