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10 Common Skin Conditions Caused by Sun Exposure

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Sunburn occurs after skin has been overexposed to ultraviolet sun rays. Skin contains melanin which serves as a protection barrier from the sun, but when exposed to the sun for long periods of time melanin can not protect as well, resulting in a sunburn.


Minor sunburns:
- Redness of skin
- Burning of affected areas
- Tightness of skin
- Itching and peeling of skin

Severe sunburns:
- Blisters
- Chills
- Fever
- Weakness
- Shock (only for extreme burns)

- Apply a lotion or other ointment containing aloe vera to burnt skin areas
- Take medication such as Aspirin or ibuprofen to reduce pain
- Drink water to remain hydrated
- If skin begins to peel, do not irritate it. Skin beneath the peeling is very sensitive and will lead to further skin issues if touched
- If you have severe blisters or feel faint, visit a doctor
- To reduce the chance of sunburn in the first place, it is necessary to apply sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30, apply sunscreen at least 20 minutes before going out in the sun, stay out of the sun between 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. (the hottest time of the day) and wear protective clothing such as hats

Photo: Getty Images

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