The effects of a brain injury depends on where in the brain the injury occurred. For example, if the brain injury damaged the language regions of the brain, the patient can have communication difficulties. The
Some brain injury patients may have problems with movement if the motor regions of the brain become damaged. If the brain damage is severe, the patient may become paralyzed. Balance, coordination and endurance may become affected. Spasticity can occur, in which the patient experiences shortening and tightening of her muscles. A patient with motor deficits due to a brain injury may not be able to plan motor movements, according to the University of Alabama at Birmingham Medicine. Other motor problems can include muscle weakness, swallowing difficulties, tremors and delays in initiating movement.
Brain injury may also result in cognitive impairment, which includes memory, attention, problem solving, judgment and abstract thinking.