to view an animated version of this procedure.
Cholecystectomy is the surgical removal of the gallbladder. This procedure is most often done laparoscopically. This is done through several small incisions in the abdomen. In some cases, the doctor may switch to open surgery
. This involves a large incision in the abdomen.
Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy vs. Open Cholecystectomy
The laparoscope will be inserted through one of the openings. It will provide images of the gallbladder and surrounding area. Instruments will be inserted through the small openings. They will be used to grasp the gallbladder and clip off the main artery and duct. The gallbladder will be removed through one of the small openings. Dye may be injected into the duct to look for stones. The entire abdomen will be carefully examined. The incisions will be closed with sutures or staples. They will be covered with bandages.
Your doctor may place a tiny, flexible tube into the area. This tube will exit from your abdomen into a little bulb. This is to drain fluid. The tube is usually removed within one week.
Immediately After Procedure
You will be taken to a recovery room.
How Long Will It Take?
About 30-60 minutes
How Much Will It Hurt?
You will have pain after the procedure. Your doctor will give you pain medicine.
Average Hospital Stay
At the Hospital
After the procedure, the hospital staff will:
Monitor you for any problems
Give you medicines for nausea
Provide you with nutrition through an IV (if you have a tube in your stomach to drain fluid)
Help you to slowly progress from a liquid diet to soft foods
Recovery takes about three weeks. When you return home, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery:
Follow your doctor’s
Also, follow the recommended diet and activity plan.
Your liver will take over the functions of the gallbladder. You may notice that you have more trouble digesting fatty foods, especially during the first month of recovery.
Call Your Doctor
After you leave the hospital, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:
Signs of infection, including fever and chills
Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or discharge at the incision site
Cough, shortness of breath, chest pain
Increased abdominal pain
Pain that you cannot control with the medicines you have been given
Blood in the stool
Nausea and/or vomiting that you cannot control with the medicines you were given, or which last for more than two days
Bloating and gas that persist for more than a month
Pain, burning, urgency or frequency of urination, or blood in the urine
Pain and/or swelling in your feet, calves, or legs
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a