The exact cause is not known. Most often the condition is linked to a number of unhealthy lifestyle factors. These factors can result in poor digestion.
The following lifestyle factors increase your chances of experiencing dyspepsia:
Eating too quickly or at irregular intervals
Eating greasy, high-fat, or spicy foods
Drinking caffeine, alcohol, or soda pop in excess
Taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin and ibuprofen
Dyspepsia is characterized by a variety of symptoms, including:
Pain or burning sensation in the upper abdomen or chest
Belching or regurgitation
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. Dyspepsia is diagnosed mainly on the symptoms listed above. If the discomfort becomes worse or more worrisome symptoms develop (eg, severe abdominal pain, persistent nausea or vomiting, or unexpected weight loss) your doctor may order one or more of the following tests:
Laboratory blood work
—a chalky solution is used to highlight the upper digestive tract
in an x-ray
—high-frequency sound waves a used to view and examine the organs of the abdominal cavity
Endoscopy—a long, thin tube affixed with a light and camera is inserted into the throat to examine the lining of the esophagus, stomach, and upper part of the small intestine
Gastric emptying study—food containing a small amount of radioactive material is tracked to help determine the rate at which the stomach empties of food
Your doctor will suggest a plan based on the severity of your symptoms. Treatment options may include the following:
Dietary and Lifestyle Changes
Your doctor may advise you to:
Reduce your intake of fatty and spicy foods.
Reduce your intake of alcohol, caffeine, and/or soda
Avoid nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory drugs.
Find ways to manage your stress. If stress appears to be related to your symptoms.
Karamanolis G, Caenepeel P, Arts J, Tack J. Association of the predominant symptom with clinical characteristics and pathophysiological mechanisms in functional dyspepsia.
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Mertz H, Fullerton S, Naliboff B, Mayer EA. Symptoms and visceral perception in severe functional organic dyspepsia.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a