—removal of a sample of liver tissue to be examined, only done in severe cases
There are no specific treatments. The goals of hepatitis A treatments are to:
Keep the patient as comfortable as possible
Prevent the infection from being passed to others
Prevent more liver damage by helping the patient avoid substances (eg, medications, alcohol) which might stress the liver while it's healing
The disease will usually go away without treatment within 2 to 5 weeks. About 15% of people who are infected by hepatitis A will have relapsing symptoms. This can happen for up to 9 months. In almost all cases, once you recover, there are no lasting effects. You will also be immune to the virus.
In rare cases, the infection is very severe. A liver transplant may be needed.
Proper Sanitary Habits
Wash your hands with soap and water. This is very important after using the bathroom or changing a diaper.
Wash your hands with soap and water before eating or preparing food.
Avoid using household utensils that a person with hepatitis A may touch.
Make sure all household utensils are carefully cleaned
Avoid sexual contact with a person with hepatitis A.
Avoid injected drug use. If you do, do not share needles.
If you travel to a high risk region, take the following precautions:
Drink bottled water
Avoid ice chips
Wash the fruits well
Eat well-cooked food
Immune (Gamma) Globulin
This contains antibodies that provides temporary protection from hepatitis A. It can last about 1-3 months. It must be given before exposure to the virus or
within two weeks after exposure.
This vaccine is made from inactive hepatitis A virus. It is highly effective in preventing infection. It provides full protection four weeks after the first injection. A second injection provides protection lasting up to 20 years.
The vaccine is also used after exposure. If given within two weeks, it can prevent infection.
The vaccine is recommended for:
People who have a chronic liver disease (including hepatitis C) or a clotting factor disorder
People who have close physical contact with those who live in areas with poor sanitary conditions
People traveling to countries where sanitary conditions are poor
Children who live in areas that have repeated hepatitis A epidemics
People who inject illicit drugs
Men who have sex with men
Check with your doctor to see if you should receive the vaccine.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a