The parathyroid glands are four pea-sized glands. They are located next to the thyroid gland in the neck. The glands secrete the parathyroid hormone (PTH). PTH regulates the level of calcium in the blood.
In hypoparathyroidism there is not enough PTH secreted. This causes very low levels of calcium in the blood. Low blood calcium is known as hypocalcemia.
Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands: Posterior (Back) View
Magnesium deficiency (due to
Autoimmune: polyglandular autoimmunity type 2 or autoimmune hypoparathyroidism
Other causes: metal (iron, magnesium, aluminium) overload,
, or infectious diseases (eg,
The following factors increase your chance of developing hypoparathyroidism:
Thyroid or parathyroid surgery
Family history of hypoparathyroidism
Age: under 16 years old or over 40 years
If you experience any of these, do not assume it is due to hypoparathyroidism. These symptoms may be caused by other, less serious health conditions. If you experience any one of them, see your doctor.
Marx SJ. Hyperparathyroid and hypoparathyroid disorders.
N Engl J Med
Thakker RV. Genetic developments in hypoparathyroidism.
Winer KK, Ko CW, et al. Long-term treatment of hypoparathyroidism: a randomized controlled study camparing parathyroid hormone (1-34) versus calcitriol and calcium.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a