Chinese practice of inserting needles into
the skin at specific points of the body to relieve pain.
psychological or emotional dependence on the
effects of a drug.
medicines that are used to relieve pain.
a doctor who specializes in giving
drugs or other agents that prevent or relieve pain.
a medicine used to treat depression.
treatment with anticancer drugs.
surgery to cut some of the fibers of the
spinal cord; used to relieve pain.
a pain relief method that takes the
attention away from the pain.
the amount of medicine taken.
Duration of action:
the length of time that the effect of
a medicine lasts.
into the spinal column but outside of the
how often medicine is taken.
a trance-like state in which response to
suggestions or commands is increased.
a method of pain relief that uses mental images
produced by memory or imagination.
a method of giving pain medication into a vein
or under the skin; unlike an injection, which is pushed in by a
syringe, an infusion flows in by gravity. Some continuous infusions
are given using a mechanical pump.
into a muscle.
into the spinal cord.
into a vein.
a drug that blocks nerve conduction in
the region where it is applied.
the spread of cancer from one part of the
body to another.
: pain relieving drug related in action and
structure to the opiates.
pain relief method in which an anesthetic is
injected into a nerve.
a doctor who specializes in operations on
the brain, nerves, and spinal cord.
(over the counter) pain relievers:
analgesics that can be bought without a doctor's order.
a doctor who specializes in the treatment of
Onset of action:
the length of time it takes for a
medicine to start to work.
pain-killing drug chemically related to opium;
also called a narcotic.
the level of pain at which a person
becomes aware of it.
a doctor who specializes in
treating children with cancer.
the health profession that treats pain
in muscles, nerves, joints, and bones with exercise, electrical
stimulation, hydrotherapy, and the use of massage, heat, cold, and
Prescription pain relievers:
analgesics that can be
bought only with a doctor's order.
treatment with high energy from x-rays
or other sources to kill cancer cells.
methods used to lessen tension,
reduce anxiety, and manage pain.
incision of nerve roots within the spinal
an unintended symptom that results from
using a drug.
the use of pressure, friction,
temperature change, or chemical substances to excite the nerve
endings in the skin.
the extent of disease.
under the skin.
decreasing effect of a drug with the same dose
or the need to increase the dose to maintain the same effect.
a drug used to treat anxiety.