• Gum Disease, Gingivitis
Periodontal disease begins with gum inflammation and progresses to pockets of infection, bone loss, and loosening of the teeth. It is present in 90% of individuals over the age of 65.
Conventional prevention and treatment include regular flossing, using mouthwash that contains extracts of the herb thyme (such as thymol, found in Listerine), and using special toothbrushing appliances. If the condition becomes advanced, special deep-cleaning techniques and even surgery may be necessary.
Proposed Natural Treatments for Periodontal Disease
According to one small, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, the supplement lycopene
One double-blind study of 89 people tested a European herbal mouthwash (used with a special gum irrigator) containing
A double-blind study of 30 people found weak evidence that use of borage oil (a source of
Other natural dental products that have shown promise in small double-blind studies include a toothpaste containing
(plume poppy) and
(also known as heal-all or self-heal),
Preliminary studies suggest that
A thorough review of 11 randomized, controlled trials found that the use of mouth rinses containing
A study failed to find that an herbal mouthwash containing the herb mangosteen significantly improved gum health.
Other treatments sometimes proposed for periodontal disease, but that lack meaningful scientific support, include
10. Kopczyk RA, Abrams H, Brown AT, et al. Clinical and microbiological effects of a sanguinaria-containing mouthrinse and dentifrice with and without fluoride during 6 months of use. J Periodontol . 1991;62:617-22.
14. Adamkova H, Vicar J, Palasova J, et al. Macleya cordata and Prunella vulgaris in oral hygiene products—their efficacy in the control of gingivitis. Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub . 2004;148:103-105.
20. Rassameemasmaung S, Sirikulsathean A, Amornchat C, et al. Effects of herbal mouthwash containing the pericarp extract of Garcinia mangostana L. on halitosis, plaque, and papillary bleeding index. J Int Acad Periodontol . 2007;9:19-25.
Last reviewed April 2009 by EBSCO CAM Review Board
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © 2007 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.