If you were born with one or both testicles undescended (cryptorchidism), having surgery to bring them down into the scrotum will not affect your risk of getting testicular cancer, but it will make the early detection easier.

Remember that men with cryptorchidism have a higher than normal risk of developing testicular cancer in their normal testicles, too. Regular self-examination and a program of regular check-ups by your physician will help insure that, if a tumor does develop, it is detected at its earliest and most curable stages.

If your son has an undescended testicle, have it checked right away and ask your physician about an orchiopexy (fixing it in the scrotum) or an orchiectomy (removal of the testicle). The sooner he has this surgery, the better.