The purpose of screening is early diagnosis and treatment. Screening tests are usually administered to people without current symptoms, but who may be at high risk for certain diseases or conditions.

Screening Tests

Screening tests for testicular cancer include the following:

Self-examination —You should examine your testes each month or two, especially if you have a risk factor. If you find a new lump, contact your doctor.

For more information on how to do a testicular self-exam, click here .

Physician Examination —Your doctor will check for hernias and testicular abnormalities as part of your regular physical exam. Have physical exams regularly, even if you are feeling well.

Blood Tests —Your physician may also order tests for alpha-fetoprotein or human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG).

Screening Guidelines

There are no official screening guidelines for testicular cancer. However, the American Cancer Society (ACS) and National Cancer Institute (NCI) strongly advise men, starting at age 15, learn to perform self-testicular examinations.