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Understanding Bipolar Disorder

By Rheyanne Weaver HERWriter

Bipolar disorder is a complex mental disorder that impairs a person’s ability to control mood, energy and activity levels, as well as everyday functioning abilities, according to the National Institute of Mental Health website.

This mental illness affects about 2.6 percent of the U.S. adult population, according to statistics from the National Institute of Mental Health’s website. This statistic refers to people who have the mood disorder for at least 12 months. The lifetime prevalence is highest among people ages 18-29 years old.

Bipolar disorder is divided into four types: Bipolar I Disorder, Bipolar II Disorder, Cyclothymia and Bipolar Disorder Not Otherwise Specified, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.

General symptoms include unusual changes in energy, sleep, activity levels and behaviors, according to the NIMH. Unstable moods are a defining aspect of bipolar disorder, and depending on the type of bipolar disorder there might be manic episodes, where a person is overly excited, energetic and happy, and there are depressive episodes, which are known for low moods and feelings of hopelessness. Some people experience both types of episodes.

Other symptoms of mania include feeling irritable or wired, being restless, having trouble sleeping, starting new projects and creating new goals, being distracted often, being impulsive and engaging in risky behaviors like excessive spending and having sex with multiple partners. Other symptoms of depressive episodes include suicidal thoughts, having issues concentrating and remembering and losing interest in previously enjoyable activities.

Bipolar I Disorder is defined by a person having one or more manic episodes or mixed episodes. Bipolar II Disorder is defined by a person having one or more major depressive episodes and at least one hypomanic episode. And Cyclothymic Disorder is characterized by ongoing mood fluctuations alternating between manic and depressive symptoms, according to the DSM-IV-TR. A hypomanic episode is similar to a manic episode, except it is less debilitating.

You can be diagnosed with bipolar disorder by seeing a mental health professional.

We value and respect our HERWriters' experiences, but everyone is different. Many of our writers are speaking from personal experience, and what's worked for them may not work for you. Their articles are not a substitute for medical advice, although we hope you can gain knowledge from their insight.

Add a Comment1 Comments

Corkie

People who have Bipolar disorder can actually live a relitavly normal life.One thing if you are on medication do not stop taking it as you will spiral down into a deep depression I am speaking from experience.I found out that Bipolar which use to be called Manic Depresson is hereditary sometimes it skips a generation but not all to often.Both my partner and I have it,I was diagnose at the age 46 and that was shocking but it also explains a lot of things I went through as a child growing up.I am not ashamed of it nor should any one else be ashamed of it.We all learn how to cope and deal with it every day life.There is groups out there that give awesome tools to help everyone cope with life.When I have a anxiety attack when driving I pull over recline the seat and just go with the flow and when all resides I go about my task as planned.

October 1, 2011 - 10:54am
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