In America, the right to breastfeed in public is protected by law, and all but three states have passed legislation stating that women who breastfeed are exempt from indecent exposure laws.
But despite these decrees, like any issue involving the right of women to do what they want with their bodies, public breastfeeding is still a highly contentious issue in our society.
Aside from the basic question of whether breastfeeding exposes a woman indecently, it seems that the (more tangible) crux of this issue lies in the lack of appropriate spaces for women to breastfeed in. For example, when a woman is out in public, it may be difficult or even impossible to find a comfortable place to nurse for a solid 30 to 45 minutes. Such circumstances would include waiting for the bus, spending time at a swimming pool, or riding on an airplane. And while some would argue that women should just "plan around" these unfortunate situations, not everyone is provided with the luxury of choice, whether it be because of time, money, or freedom constraints.
Another issue closely related to this is using a breast pump. Many working mothers find it difficult to secure a private, comfortable place to pump milk over their lunch hour. Sometimes, the only place to do this is in a bathroom or bathroom stall, but as most lunch breaks are no more than an hour, should a breastfeeding mother be forced to eat her lunch in such an environment? Or should she be made to choose between eating and pumping? For most women, it is not an option to simply go back home and pump.
The most creative solutions to these problems have revolved around contemporary nursing clothing. There are a number of companies, including Motherwear, My Nursingwear, and Expressiva, which make beautiful clothing specifically designed to enable discreet nursing. Products offered by these companies include dresses, blouses, and swimwear that allow women to breastfeed while also covering the majority of the breast.