When you think of a sleep disorder, you may think of things that keep you from sleeping. But there are actually many kinds of sleep disorders that involve problems both with sleeping and with staying awake.
Insomnia is the most common type of sleep disorder. According to the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, it can affect up to 35 percent of all adults.
Insomnia can make it hard for you to fall asleep, or may cause you to wake up in the middle of the night. People with insomnia often wake up feeling like they are not rested, which can make it hard to get through the day or be productive at work.
Episodes that last up to three months are considered short-term. Insomnia that occurs at least three times a week for at least three months is considered chronic or long-term insomnia.
People with hypersomnia may feel excessively tired during the day, even though they got a good night’s sleep. This may be caused by other medical conditions or disorders such as fibromyalgia or low thyroid. Mononucleosis and other viral diseases can also cause hypersomnia.
Narcolepsy is the most commonly known type of hypersomnia. A narcolepsy attack can cause you to fall asleep no matter what you may be doing, including driving or doing other dangerous activities.
Long sleepers are people who require much more sleep than the average person. Some long sleepers may feel tired during the day because they are not able to get as much sleep as their bodies naturally need.
Insufficient sleep syndrome is the name given to the sleep deprivation caused by choosing not to get enough sleep. This condition is considered to be voluntary because it is a choice not to go to bed, but it is also unintentional because most people with the condition are not aware that they are depriving themselves of needed sleep.
3) Breathing disorders
Snoring and groaning during sleep are two types of breathing disorders that can keep you from sleeping soundly. Both conditions can result in a loud sound as you inhale or exhale that can wake you or your sleep partner.