Torticollis is an uncomfortable condition that can seriously impact the quality of life for the individual experiencing it. It is, essentially, a condition of having a twisted neck in which the head is tipped to one side, while the chin is turned to the other. (google health https://health.google.com/health/ref/Torticollis)
Symptoms of Torticollis can include the following:
Limited range of motion
Shoulder is higher on one side of the body
Stiffness of neck muscles
Swelling of the neck muscles (possibly present at birth)
Treatment of congenital torticollis can be completely natural or may involve some medical intervention. Naturally, treatment involves stretching the shortened neck muscle. Passive stretching and positioning are treatments used in infants and small children. Such treatments are often successful, especially if started within 3 months of birth.
Surgery to correct the neck muscle may be done in the preschool years, if other treatment methods fail.
Acquired torticollis is treated by identifying the underlying cause of the disorder. Application of heat, traction to the cervical spine, and massage may help relieve head and neck pain. Stretching exercises and neck braces may help with muscle spasms.
Medications used to treat this condition include an anticholinergic drug called baclofen. Injection of botulinum toxin can temporarily relieve the torticollis, but repeat injections every 3 months are usually need. Surgery is rarely used.
While some forms of torticollis are congenital, some are acquired. The following are some causes of torticollis:
Torticollis may be:
Inherited: A genetic predisposition will lead to the condition, often seen at birth but sometimes missed and recognized later in a child's life.
Acquired: Develops as a result of damage to the nervous system or muscles, though strenuous activity or a particular injury.
If the condition occurs without a known cause, it is called idiopathic torticollis.
Torticollis may develop in childhood or adulthood.