If you get seasonal sniffles, you probably assume you have hay fever or some kind of allergy. But if over-the-counter medications aren’t getting the job done, it might be time to have some test done.
Find out exactly what you are allergic to, so you can be more precise in your treatment plan.
If you are prone to allergies, your doctor may refer you to an allergist for testing to find out exactly what you are allergic to. An allergist is a specialist with extra training to diagnose and treat allergies, asthma and immunologic disorders.
Allergy testing can help your allergist pinpoint the best treatment to give you relief from your allergy symptoms.
There are two basic types of allergy testing: skin tests and blood tests.
Skin tests for allergies
As the name suggests, skin tests are performed on or just under the surface of your skin. Things that cause an allergic reaction are called allergens.
During the test, your skin is lightly scratched and small amounts of your possible allergens are placed on the scratches. This test is usually done on your back or on the inside of your forearm and are called skin prick or scratch tests.
Many different allergens are typically tested at the same time by applying the allergens in rows on your skin.
The substances that are tested can vary, depending on what plant allergens grow in your area. Other common allergens besides pollens that may be tested for include dog and cat dander or dust.
Another type of skin test involves injecting a small amount of allergen just under the surface of your skin. It's called an intradermal skin test.
This is more commonly done with things like bee venom or penicillin. This method may be used as a backup test to verify a scratch test reaction.
With both of these test methods, a small welt or red, itchy spot similar to a mosquito bite will develop if you are allergic to that allergen. If there is no reaction, you are not allergic to that particular allergen.
It usually takes about 20 minutes for an allergic reaction to show on your skin, but delayed reactions are also possible.