Dr. Shukla describes permanent atrial fibrillation.
The next form of atrial fibrillation is referred to as permanent atrial fibrillation or longstanding atrial fibrillation. The old term was chronic atrial fibrillation. Now that’s usually subdivided, when you look in the guidelines; however, for practical purposes, permanent atrial fibrillation is atrial fibrillation that stays despite the introduction of therapeutic options.
So for example, if somebody has had an electrical cardioversion of their heart that attempted to put them from atrial fibrillation into normal rhythm and failed that, and stayed in atrial fibrillation, that would be considered a failure of that therapy to convert the patient, and the patient would be in the category of permanent atrial fibrillation.
About Dr. Himanshu H. Shukla, M.D.:
Dr. Himanshu H. Shukla, M.D., specializes in treating heart rhythm disorders and is founder of the Cardiac Arrhythmia Institute (CAI) dedicated to providing heart care customized to the individual. Dr. Shukla is a member of the Heart Rhythm Society, has completed training at Columbia University in New York City, the University of Missouri and the University of Oklahoma. He is recognized for numerous published articles on the treatment of heart rhythm disorders, and by the American Heart Association for Outstanding Research. Dr. Shukla’s community works include raising awareness of heart rhythm disorders, safety and prevention measures through speeches, training and counsel; and contributing external defibrillators to local public schools and other entities.