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According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, ʺEvidence suggests that about three percent of women and two percent of men will be diagnosed with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) during their lifetime, with peak prevalence in women older than 55.ʺ A majority of the people who are afflicted with CTS are between the ages of 30-60.
The National Institutes of Health states that ʺwomen are three times more likely than men to have carpal tunnel syndrome.ʺ
The U.S. National Library of Medicine states, CTS (also known as repetitive stress injuries or carpal tunnel release) occurs when there is pressure on the median nerve. This nerve stretches from forearm to the palm of your hand.
CTS has no specific known cause. However, one risk factor may be hormonal changes.
The University of Maryland Medical Center states, ʺCTS has been shown to increase after delivering a baby and menopause.ʺ Also certain types of workers, who use repetitive motion and tasks, are at risk.
According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, symptoms of CTS may include the following:
• Weakness in one or both hands
• Pain in wrist or hand in one or both hands
• Numbness or tingling in the thumb and next two or three fingers of one or both hands
• Weak grip or difficulty carrying bags (a common complaint)
• Numbness or tingling of the palm of the hand
• Problems with fine finger movements (coordination) in one or both hands
• Pain extending to the elbow
• Wasting away of the muscle under the thumb (in advanced or long-term cases)
The American Academy of Family Physicians recommends the following to prevent CTS:
• If you use a keyboard, adjust the height of your chair so that your forearms are level with your keyboard and you don't have to flex your wrists to type
• Don't rest your wrists on hard surfaces for long periods of time
• Don't sit or stand in the same position all day
• Take regular breaks from repeated hand movements to give your hands and wrists time to rest
• Make sure the tools you use aren't too big for your hands
• Switch hands during work tasks
• Don't work with your arms too close or too far from your body