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Bladder Prolapse Definition & Overview

Definition

A cystocele occurs when part of the bladder wall bulges into the vagina. The bulge happens through a defect in the fascia. This is the connective tissue that separates the vagina from the bladder.

There are three grades of cystocele:

  • Grade 1: mildest form, where the bladder drops only partway into the vagina
  • Grade 2: moderate form, where the bladder has sunken far enough to reach the opening of the vagina
  • Grade 3: most severe form, where the bladder sags through the opening of the vagina

A rectocele occurs when part of the wall of the rectum bulges into the vagina. The bulge happens through a defect in the fascia between the rectum and vagina.

Cystocele

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© 2009 Nucleus Medical Art, Inc.

Rectocele

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© 2009 Nucleus Medical Art, Inc.

The sooner that cystocele or rectocele are treated, the more favorable the outcome. If you suspect you have this condition, contact your doctor.

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright © 2018 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.

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