Summer is here and in most parts of the world it is not easy stepping out in the late morning to run errands and then returning home feeling dry in the mouth or parched in the throat. This is also the time of the year the schools break for their summer holidays and families travel overseas or across states to meet friends and family. What would you do if while on your break away from home, your child comes down with stomach flu or another infection that makes her/him lose body fluids through vomiting or diarrhea or both?
The first response would be to get in touch with a doctor or health care provider. It is possible that you are staying at a place far from a practicing doctor or hospital. Before you get to seeing a doctor and if the child has vomited more than once or passed loose stools more than twice, it would be reasonably safe to give her/him some oral rehydration solution to restore her/his fluid balance. One must be very mindful of dehydration, especially in the summer when children tend to perspire more.
Signs of dehydration may include slowing down physically or degrees of listlessness, skin beginning to lose turgor, a rising fever, etc. If the child is an infant you may try to gauge her/his level of dehydration before you get medical help by checking for a soft spot on the skull, assessing the suck mechanism, or loss of sweat in the armpits and groin. All are signs of potential significant dehydration. (Source: MedicineNet.com; Report Title: Dehydration; URL: http://www.medicinenet.com/dehydration/page2.htm#toce
You could make a jug of homemade oral rehydration solution (ORS) if a commercial sachet of ORS is not available at hand.
ORS may be any solution made from clean and potable water that also includes sodium, potassium and similar other electrolytes aiming to restore the body’s loss of fluids and electrolytes due to sweating, vomiting, diarrhea, exposure to sun and wind etc.* Though commercially available packs are widely available over the counter in most medical stores, you could make one at home.
Recipe for oral rehydration solution for a child with diarrhea or vomiting: