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Smoking During Pregnancy May Impact Your Baby's “Good” Cholesterol Levels in Childhood

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Smoking is, quite simply, hard on the heart. One of the major risk factors for coronary artery disease, also called CAD, smoking attacks both the heart and blood leading to increased risks of heart disease. According to the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, smoking impacts your heart health in several ways:

• Lowers levels of “good” or high-density lipoprotein levels
• Raises levels of “bad” or low-density lipoprotein levels
• Raises blood pressure causing heart to work harder

• Raises heart rate causing heart to work harder
• Thickens blood which restricts the ability to deliver oxygen
• Damages blood vessels leaving them “stiff and less elastic”
• Contributes to atherosclerosis by causing plaques to form due to inflammation

(NHLBI 1.)

Compared to their non-smoking counterparts, smokers are two to three times more likely to develop heart disease, have double the risk of suffering a heart attack, and are more likely to die from some form of heart disease, including heart attack or heart failure. (NHLBI 2.)

The impact of smoking, as well as second hand smoke, becomes even more damaging and dangerous for women who are pregnant and their unborn child. Smoking has been linked to various pregnancy related conditions such as placental abruption, ectopic pregnancy, vaginal bleeding, placenta previa, and stillbirths. When a pregnant mother is exposed to smoke, it’s more common for the baby to be born prematurely or to have a low birth weight. Smoke exposure in babies has also been linked to birth defects. Secondhand smoke is also linked to sudden infant death syndrome, ear infections, and lung conditions such as asthma or bronchitis. (MoD 1.)

While the link between smoking and babies with low birth weight, SIDS, and lung conditions is well established and generally accepted, what has not been known until now is whether or not exposure to smoke, either during pregnancy or second hand smoke after birth, has the same impact to heart health in infants and children as it does in adults.

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EmpowHER Guest

Such a Nice article.If any he/ she looking for quit smoking tips then can easily get fromhttp://www.quitsmokingpillcoupons.com/

October 13, 2011 - 8:00am
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