Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining. In some cases, gastritis can lead to ulcers
- Acute—comes on suddenly and lasts briefly
- Chronic—either long lasting or recurrent
Causes of gastritis include:
- Drugs (such as aspirin
Factors that increase your chance of gastritis include:
- Age 60 and older
- NSAID use
- Heavy alcohol use
- Pernicious anemia
- Diseases of the lymph system
Severe illness, such as can occur with:
- Head injury
- Respiratory failure
- Kidney failure
- Stomach pain
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Tests may include:
Upper GI Endoscopy
Treatment may include:
- H 2 blockers
- Proton pump inhibitors
- Antibiotics to treat Helicobacter pylori infection
If you are diagnosed with gastritis, follow your doctor's instructions .
To help prevent gastritis:
- Avoid alcohol
The American Gastroenterological Association
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disorders
The Canadian Association of Gastroenterology
Conn HF, Rakel RE. Conn's Current Therapy 2001 . 53rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Company; 2001.
Mulley AG, Goroll AH. Primary Care Medicine . 4th ed. Lippincott, Williams, and Wilkins; 2000.
Wyngaarden JB. Cecil Textbook of Medicine . 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Company; 2000.
Last reviewed September 2009 by
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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