is an illness caused by a virus. The virus can result in a rash, mild fever, or
arthritis. Pregnant women who have rubella are at increased risk for
miscarriage. Their babies may be born with severe birth defects, including:
What Other Ways Can Rubella Be Prevented Besides Vaccination?
Widespread vaccination has resulted in rubella's virtual elimination in the US. It is important to avoid contact with people who may have been exposed to the disease in order to prevent it.
What Happens in the Event of an Outbreak?
Since rubella is now rare in the US, even one case is considered potential for an outbreak. In the event of an outbreak, members of households, workplaces, universities, jails, and communities with rubella-infected persons will be assessed to determine whether they might have rubella.
Once rubella cases are identified, patients should be isolated for 5-7 days after the rash began. Furthermore, people in contact with the infected person should be vaccinated if they are eligible for the vaccine. It is important to identify and test all pregnant women for immunity. These women should avoid activities where they may be exposed to an infected person. In some settings, such as children born with congenital rubella syndrome, viral shedding can be quite prolonged.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a