Symptoms of Pneumonia
Pneumonia is a serious infection that should be treated promptly. Contact your doctor if you or your child have pneumonia symptoms.
Effects of Pneumonia on the Lungs
The symptoms of pneumonia include the following:
- Fever or below normal temperature (hypothermia)
- Rapid heart rate
- Rapid breathing
- Cough, may be dry or may produce sputum
- Sputum, may appear clear, greenish-yellow, or rusty
- Chest or abdominal pain
- Shortness of breath
- Pain through to the back
- Pain with deep breathing
- Rattle sound in the chest
- Loss of energy, fatigue
- Nausea and vomiting
- General muscle aches and pains
- Lack of appetite
Severe symptoms that are common in adults, especially the elderly, include:
- Bluish color of the nails or lips due to diminished oxygen in the blood
- Mental confusion (This is common in the elderly.)
Severe symptoms that are more common in babies and young children:
- Flaring nostrils with each breath
- Chest or ribs may suck in with each breath
- Grunting sound with breathing
American Lung Association website. Available at: http://www.lungusa.org/site/pp.asp?c=dvLUK9O0E&b=22542 . Accessed July 17, 2008.
Beovic B, Bonac B, Kese D, et al. Aetiology and clinical presentation of mild community-acquired bacterial pneumonia. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2003;22:584-591
DynaMed. Available at: http://dynaweb.ebscohost.com . Accessed July 17, 2008.
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/ . Accessed July 17, 2008.
Primary Care Medicine . 4th ed. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2000.
Last reviewed July 2008 by
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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