Osteoarthritis

Get Email Updates

Osteoarthritis Guide

Maryann Gromisch RN Guide

Have a question? We're here to help. Ask the Community.

ASK

Health Newsletter

Receive the latest and greatest in women's health and wellness from EmpowHER - for free!

Osteoarthritis related image Photo: Getty Images

In the United States, about 13.9 percent of adults ages 25 and older and 33.6 percent of adults ages 65 and older have osteoarthritis, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A common joint disorder, osteoarthritis results from wear and tear on the joint.

A patient with osteoarthritis experiences a breakdown of the cartilage around the joint, resulting in pain. Women have osteoarthritis more often than men when they reach their 50s. MedlinePlus pointed out that by age 70, almost everyone experiences symptoms of osteoarthritis.

Several different joints can be affected by osteoarthritis. The prevalence per 100 for women is 9.5 in the hand, 2.7 in the feet, 1.2 in the knee, and 1.4 in the hip, noted the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Besides pain, patients can also experience stiffness. Some patients have morning stiffness, which lasts for about 30 minutes, or gets better with mild activity.

The pain from osteoarthritis is exacerbated by pressure or weight put on the joint. Patients may notice when they move the affected joint, they hear a crackling or grating sound.

To diagnose osteoarthritis, the doctor will perform a physical examination. During the examination, the doctor will listen for a crackling sound — called crepitation — a look for a limited range of motion. Touching the affected joint can help the doctor identify joint swelling, and she may press the joint to detect tenderness.

An X-ray may be ordered, which will show if there is a loss of joint space. Lab work most likely will not be ordered, as MedlinePlus noted that blood tests are not helpful as a diagnostic tool with osteoarthritis.

While no cure exists for osteoarthritis, patients have several different treatment options to manage their symptoms. For medications, patients can use an over-the-counter pain reliever and remedies, or may use prescription medications.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can help with the pain and swelling. MedlinePlus noted that over-the-counter remedies, such as chondroitin and glucosamine, can help with pain but do not appear to aid in new cartilage growth.

We value and respect our HERWriters' experiences, but everyone is different. Many of our writers are speaking from personal experience, and what's worked for them may not work for you. Their articles are not a substitute for medical advice, although we hope you can gain knowledge from their insight.

Add a CommentComments

There are no comments yet. Be the first one and get the conversation started!

Image CAPTCHA
Enter the characters shown in the image.
By submitting this form, you agree to EmpowHER's terms of service and privacy policy

Improved

1549 Health

Changed

573 Lives

Saved

431 Lives
1 lives impacted in the last 24 hrs Learn More

Take Our Featured Health Poll

Do you suffer from springtime allergies?:
View Results