Facebook Pixel

Hormones and Osteoporosis

Rate This

Osteoporosis is the gradual deterioration of bone, resulting in the danger of breaks and fractures. Under normal conditions, the “bone turnover” rate is balanced. This means that the amount of bone loss would equal the amount of bone gained.

What Does Hormones Have to Do With Osteoporosis?

According to The Hormone Foundation, not enough or way too much hormones can escalate osteoporosis or osteopenia (a more moderate decline of bone density). Of course, there’s menopause where less estrogen (a hormone) is being produced. Estrogen acts as a defense for bones. Additionally, if an individual suffers from any hormonal disease, such as Cushing Syndrome, where too much of the hormone cortisol is being produced, osteoporosis may develop. Finally, diseases like hyperthyroidism, diabetes and hyperprolactinemia (the overproduction of the hormone prolactin) are conditions where hormones affect osteoporosis as well.

Risk Factors

Please consider the risk factors below (as indicated by The Hormone Foundation) and begin to take preventive steps, especially after consulting with your physician and having a DEXA bone mineral density test done.

If you are advanced in age
Have a family history of osteoporosis
Have a thin or small frame
Have completed menopause
Are Caucasian or Asian
Have had a fracture as an adult
Have a parent with a hip fracture
Experience amenorrhea (missing menstrual periods)
Suffer from anorexia nervosa
Have an inactive lifestyle
Have a diet low in calcium or vitamin D
Drink heavy
Take certain anti-seizure medications or thyroid hormones or steroids
Have certain hormonal conditions

Prevention and Treatment

For prevention, individuals need a well-balanced diet with calcium-rich foods and exercise. With some individuals, however, calcium supplements are needed. To determine the right amount of calcium intake, check with your physician because too much can cause kidney stones. After your physician recommends the right amount of calcium supplements, the next step would be to get the right amount of vitamin D. Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium.

Add a CommentComments

There are no comments yet. Be the first one and get the conversation started!

Enter the characters shown in the image.
By submitting this form, you agree to EmpowHER's terms of service and privacy policy

We value and respect our HERWriters' experiences, but everyone is different. Many of our writers are speaking from personal experience, and what's worked for them may not work for you. Their articles are not a substitute for medical advice, although we hope you can gain knowledge from their insight.


Get Email Updates

Osteoporosis Guide


Have a question? We're here to help. Ask the Community.


Health Newsletter

Receive the latest and greatest in women's health and wellness from EmpowHER - for free!