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According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, between 30 to 40 percent of burn victims are children younger than the age of 15.
Third-degree is the most severe type of burn. A third-degree burn is when all the layers of the skin are burned. Third degree burns can be deadly if you are burned on the majority of your body. Third-degree burns may require skin grafting or plastic surgery. This is generally required because new skin will not grow in the third-degree burn area.
Seek medical attention immediately, if you or someone you love has a third-degree burn. The National Institutes of Health recommend calling 911 if you have the following burn issues:
• The burn is severe (third degree)
• The burn is extensive (the size of your palm or larger)
• The person shows signs of shock
• You aren't sure how serious it is
• The burn is caused by chemicals or electricity
• Physical abuse is the known or suspected cause of the burn
• The person inhaled smoke
• There are other symptoms associated with the burns
Symptoms of third-degree burns include:
• Lack of pain because nerve endings are completely burned
• Dry leathery skin
• Charred black skin
• Yellow, brown or white skin
The following first aid steps are recommended by the American Academy of Family Physicians and FamilyEducation.com for third-degree burns:
• Call 911 immediately
• Don't take off any clothing that is stuck to the burn
• Don't soak the burn in water or apply any ointment
• Treat for shock if necessary
• Call the local poison control center if you suspect a chemical burn
• Remove jewelry and tight clothing not on the burn area
• Cover the burn with a cool, wet sterile bandage or clean cloth until you receive medical assistance
• Elevate burned hands by keeping them higher than the heart
• Burned legs and feet should be elevated to keep blood flowing smoothly.
• Keep the injured person still
• If the face is burned, keep checking for breathing complications, administering mouth-to-mouth resuscitation if necessary
If you have a third-degree burn, you may experience complications like pneumonia or infection.