There are a number of ways to prevent, as well as reverse, atherosclerosis. They include:
- Eat a healthful diet. It should be low in saturated fat and cholesterol. It should also be rich in whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.
- Exercise regularly.
- Maintain a healthy weight. If you are overweight, lose weight.
- Don't smoke. If you smoke, quit .
- Control diabetes.
- If your doctor recommends it, take medication to reduce your risk factors. This may include medicine for high blood pressure or high cholesterol.
- Talk to your doctor about screening tests for atherosclerotic disease of the heart (coronary artery disease) if you have risk factors.
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