Facebook Pixel

STDs and Infertility

By HERWriter
Rate This

Worried about your fertility? Then heads up--sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) that go untreated eventually can lead to infertility.

According to MyPregnancyGuide.com, the bad news is some STDs have no noticeable symptoms for some women. That means they may not even realize they have an STD until it is too late.

CNN reported that Dr. John Douglas, director of the Centers for Disease Control's (CDC) Division of STD Prevention, called infertility a "down-the-road concern" for many teens. He and other doctors worry about sexually active teenagers and young adults who may be unaware that some STDs may doom their chances of having a baby later in life. He went on to say it is a growing reality for nearly two million women in the United States who are infertile.

High on the list of STDs that can lead to infertility are chlamydia and gonorrhea. In fact, the CDC recommends an annual chlamydia screening for all sexually active females 25 and under and for women older than 25 with risk factors such as a new sex partner or multiple partners.

According to WebMD, two out of five women infected with chlamydia will go on to develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID is a complication that arises from chlamydia and gonorrhea. Forty percent of women who are not treated for their STD will develop it. PID means infertility 20 percent of the time.

Dr. Yolanda Wimberly, an adolescent medicine specialist with Grady Health Systems in Atlanta, Ga., told CNN that PID can damage the reproductive organs by creating scarring and inflammation in the fallopian tubes.

A Wall Street Journal article reported that even when a woman no longer tests positive for an active infection, the chlamydia bacteria may have moved into her upper genital tract and still set off pelvic inflammatory disease. The inflammation and scar tissue that is caused by pelvic inflammatory disease often block a woman’s fallopian tubes, preventing fertilization.

Gonorrhea and genital herpes can also cause scarring in the fallopian tubes and in turn prevent a woman from conceiving.

"It can happen to anyone.

Add a CommentComments

There are no comments yet. Be the first one and get the conversation started!

Enter the characters shown in the image.
By submitting this form, you agree to EmpowHER's terms of service and privacy policy

We value and respect our HERWriters' experiences, but everyone is different. Many of our writers are speaking from personal experience, and what's worked for them may not work for you. Their articles are not a substitute for medical advice, although we hope you can gain knowledge from their insight.

Infertility / Fertility

Get Email Updates

Infertility / Fertility Guide

HERWriter Guide

Have a question? We're here to help. Ask the Community.


Health Newsletter

Receive the latest and greatest in women's health and wellness from EmpowHER - for free!