Giving adequate fluids—It's best to give fluids that contain both salt and sugar. If the person isn't able to drink, it may be necessary to give fluids through an intravenous line.
Encouraging the person to rest
Moving the person to a cool, shady area.
Actively cooling the person—The most effective way is called "evaporative cooling." In evaporative cooling, the person is sponged with cool water or sprayed with cool mist, and fans are used to blow air onto the person.
Giving intravenous fluids
Giving medications—These may be necessary if the person is having seizures or uncontrollable shivering.
Careful monitoring—People who have undergone heat stroke need regular and careful monitoring of body temperature, heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing rate. Blood tests will be repeated at regular intervals to monitor how the body's organs are responding to the shock of heat stroke.
If you are diagnosed with heat exhaustion or heat stroke, follow your doctor's
To help prevent heat exhaustion and heat stroke:
Avoid prolonged exposure to high temperatures.
If you have to work or exercise under hot conditions, drink lots of fluids (preferably sports drinks, which contain both salt and sugar), and take frequent breaks in the shade.
If you have a risk factor for heat exhaustion or heat stroke, be very careful of doing activity in hot weather. Take regular rests and drink lots of fluids.
During heat waves, try and spend time indoors with air-conditioning or go to an air-conditioned shelter. This is especially important for elderly adults.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a