Hyperthyroidism develops when the thyroid gland becomes overactive and produces too much thyroid hormone. The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the neck. It produces hormones called T3 and T4. They control the body's metabolism.
This is a common treatment in the US.
It is the definitive treatment for a toxic nodular goiter.
is taken orally. It is then absorbed by the thyroid gland. Once there, it damages most of the thyroid cells. These cells can no longer produce thyroid hormones. Within days, the excess iodine passes out of the body in the urine or changes into a nonradioactive state. You may need to take a daily thyroid hormone replacement supplement.
is rare for the treatment of hyperthyroidism. It may be an option when medical therapy fails.
After surgery, you will need to take a daily thyroid supplement.
If there are eye symptoms like dry red eyes or double vision, your doctor may prescribe:
Eye protection before sleep
If you are diagnosed with hyperthyroidism, follow your doctor's
. You may be referred to an eye specialist.
There are no specific preventative steps. Get regular screening if you have a family history of hyperthyroidism.
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Weetman AP. Graves' disease.
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Woeber K. Update on the management of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.
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1/30/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
: Nyirenda MJ, Taylor PN, Stoddart M, Beckett GJ, Toft AD. Thyroid-stimulating hormone-receptor antibody and thyroid hormone concentrations in smokers vs nonsmokers with Graves disease treated with carbimazole.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a