Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a serious lung condition wherein one of the main arteries to the lung gets blocked by any mass of material, such as an air bubble, a large speck of fat, and/or part of a tumor or blood clot coming from elsewhere in the body, most commonly, a blood clot from the deep veins of the legs.
1. What has caused my pulmonary embolism?
PE can be caused if you have a history of forming blood clots (hypercoagulability). It is also possible that your PE may have been caused by deep vein thrombosis of the legs. Your chances of coming down with PE increase if you stay immobile for long periods of time, travel extensively, have damaged walls of veins, and have anomalous blood flow. It is also possible that your PE could have been brought on by a trauma/injury, obesity, any recent surgery or an underlying cardiac condition. Your diagnostic reports will tell you of your cause.
2. What symptoms besides the chest pain and coughing am I likely to experience?
You could experience:
• Dyspnoea (shortness of breath)
• Cyanosis (bluish skin)
• Low pulse rate
• Tachypnea (high heart rate)
• Coughing with blood
• Arrhythmia (irregular heartbeats)
• Swelling of legs
• Unstable blood circulation
• Low grade fever
• Possibility of death
3. Is pulmonary embolism infectious?
No, pulmonary embolism is not a contagious condition because of the underlying causes (cited above) that are responsible for its occurrence.
4. How long will I take to recover from pulmonary embolism?
The recovery depends upon the extent of lung damage, the presence of other underlying medical conditions, availability and follow-up of treatment, body response and the severity of the PE attack. People with PEs are usually hospitalized for several days until their blood can be adequately thinned or the blocking material removed. If it is a blood clot that has blocked the lung artery, then the patients are maintained on blood thinning medication for six months or longer.
5. What diagnostic tests will I have to take to confirm my condition apart from the physical examination and the chest X-ray I have undergone?