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Female Reproductive Diseases of the Uterus and Cervix

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Men sometimes say that women are more complicated than they are, and this may be true physically. There are a whole myriad of problems that can occur with the female reproductive system.

Here are a few conditions that affect the uterus and cervix:

This is a condition where endometrial tissue (the lining of the uterus) grows deeper into the muscles of the womb. It sometimes causes no symptoms, but when it does, women can typically experience severely painful periods, and very heavy periods.

Their periods may be so heavy that they pass blood clots, bleeding in between periods They may develop an enlarged uterus that makes the abdomen look bigger than normal.

The condition most often occurs in women who have had children but have not yet reached menopause. After menopause, adenomyosis will usually go away.

If the patient is middle-aged or has had previous surgery on the uterus, such as a caesarean section or removal of fibroids, then they are more at risk of having adenomyosis.

It doesn’t always require treatment but if you are having excessive bleeding you should see your doctor because not only does this affect quality of life, it can also make you anemic and you may require nutritional supplementation.

Diagnosis is made by the doctor taking a medical history, including symptoms, doing a pelvic examination and looking for signs of an enlarged uterus. It can also be diagnosed by ultrasound and MRI scanning of the uterus.

Treatment is either hormonal patches or contraception to control heavy periods or in very severe circumstances, a hysterectomy.

If you are nearing menopause, you may be offered anti-inflammatory medication instead, such as ibuprofen. Taking this during your period can lessen the blood flow.

If you want to try and ease menstrual pain at home, you could try adding a few drops of jasmine oil to your bath (or mixing it with carrier oil and massaging it into your abdomen).

Jasmine oil is both anti-spasmodic and anti-inflammatory so it has been used as a treatment for dermatological conditions, period pains and childbirth.


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We value and respect our HERWriters' experiences, but everyone is different. Many of our writers are speaking from personal experience, and what's worked for them may not work for you. Their articles are not a substitute for medical advice, although we hope you can gain knowledge from their insight.