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Fertility Drugs – What’s Available?

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Reproductive System related image Photo: Getty Images

There are a variety of drug options available to induce fertility. WebMD reports that this method is still widely used for women who have ovulation disorders. Not only do they vary in kind or brand, but they vary in type as well – some are taken orally while others are in shot form.

What’s interesting is that doctors will use fertility drugs even if the patient is undergoing a reproductive technique such as in vitro fertilization. Some drugs are more widely used than others. Below are some of the most common ones as listed by WebMD.

Oral Fertility Drug

Clomid is listed as the most likely first choice when it comes to treating infertility. It has been used for 25 years and has a 60 percent to 80 percent ovulation success rate. Half of this percentage of women will get pregnant as a direct result of this drug.

What exactly does this drug do? This drug stimulates the two small glands – the hypothalamus and pituitary gland – at the base of the brain to release hormones that are responsible for kick-starting the ovaries to produce eggs. Although there are side effects, they are generally very mild.

Injectable Fertility Drugs

Pregnyl, Novarel, Ovidrel and Profasi are brand names of just some of the most common human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) injectable drugs that are used with other fertility drugs to stimulate the ovaries to release mature eggs. There are other types of injectable drugs that are used as well – follicle stimulating hormones (FSH), human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG), gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist) and gonadotropin releasing hormone antagonist (GnRH antagonist). There is no way anyone can remember all of that, but you’re more likely to remember that the purpose of these types of drugs is to generate and start ovulation, which is why they are used to treat infertility. The success rate for the injections is high; WebMD reports that 50 percent of those that ovulate will get pregnant. And yes, there are side effects, but they are usually mild.

Other Drugs

Studies indicate that in some situations, aspirin reduces the risks of miscarriages.

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We value and respect our HERWriters' experiences, but everyone is different. Many of our writers are speaking from personal experience, and what's worked for them may not work for you. Their articles are not a substitute for medical advice, although we hope you can gain knowledge from their insight.