Before treating insomnia, your doctor should determine its cause. To do this, he will ask you about your symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical exam. You may be asked questions about your:

  • Mood
  • Physical or mental symptoms or problems
  • Daily activities
  • Work pattern or history
  • Sleep patterns
  • Psychiatric and medical history
  • Travel patterns
  • Eating habits
  • Recreational substance use (eg, alcohol, tobacco, other drugs)

You may also be asked to fill out a sleep diary, which is a record of your sleep patterns. Your doctor may want to speak with your significant other concerning the quantity and quality of your sleep. Other specialized tests may be ordered depending on what your doctor suspects may be the cause of your insomnia.