According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, obesity has more than doubled in children and tripled in adolescents in the past 30 years.” An even more alarming statistic from the CDC is that “the percentage of adolescents aged 12–19 years who were obese increased from 5% to 18% over the same period.”
The question of whether or not resistance training or aerobic activity is more beneficial to combat these statistics has been a debated topic in the fitness industry. Specifically, what type of exercise works best for teenage girls?
A new study suggests that aerobic activity is better for them in terms of losing fat and diabetes prevention. The study is entitled "Aerobic Exercise But Not Resistance Exercise Reduces Intrahepatic Lipid Content and Visceral Fat and Improves Insulin Sensitivity in Obese Adolescent Girls."
The study was featured on the American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism site.
According to ScieneDaily.com, the study looked at nearly 45 obese adolescent girls and assigned them to three groups.
“One group was assigned to perform 60 minutes of aerobic exercise three days a week for three months, either running on a treadmill or using an elliptical trainer. A second group was assigned to perform the same amount of resistance exercise, but instead participated in aerobic exercise program, doing ten whole body resistance exercises using weight machines over the course of each hour-long session. A third group was asked not to participate in any structured physical activity program over the course of the study.”
Scientific measurements of specific “total fat, visceral fat, liver fat, and fat embedded in their muscles” were recorded for each participant in the beginning and end of the study. Other data was also taken including “the volunteers' insulin sensitivity, a risk factor for diabetes, as well weight and physical fitness.”
The results? The active two groups obviously had less overall fat, compared to the sedentary group. Of the two active groups, the aerobics only teens triumphed in both “visceral and liver fat loss and insulin improved their sensitivity.”