Depending on where you look, the definition of a "disease" can include such phrases as "a change from the normal state", "a state of disorder", "an abnormal or pathologic condition of the body", and "being in dis-ease". A disease can be brought about by personal factors, genetics, environmental influences and lifestyle habits.
Common diseases include autoimmune conditions, hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes, thyroid problems, cancer, endometriosis, ulcers, acne and more.
As of June 2013, the American Medical Association (AMA) has recognized obesity as a disease which could change the way insurance companies reimburse on prevention and treatment options for weight loss. However those that oppose the AMA's new view on obesity feel that obesity requires some personal responsibility as well.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), almost 36 percent of Americans are in the obese category.
The body mass index (BMI) chart is most commonly used though the classifications for "overweight" and "obese" are not perfect. The BMI index takes into account height and weight but not bone structure or lean muscle ratio.
A BMI between 18.5 and 24.9 is considered a normal, healthy weight. Between 25 and 29.9 is in the overweight category and above 30 is officially classified as obese.
To give you an example, a 5’6” woman who weighs roughly between 160 and 185 pounds is considered overweight. However if she weighs above 185 pounds then she is obese.
Here is another example. A 5’4” woman who weighs between 145 and 175 pounds is considered overweight, and if she were over 175 pounds she is considered obese.
Many in the health field feel that abdominal obesity is more concerning as it means there is increased fat around the key abdominal organs.
The waist circumference is gaining in popularity for determining overweight, obesity and health risks. Measure around your abdomen just above your hip bones (not necessarily your narrowest section).
Women should be under 35 inches and men under 40 inches.