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When people think about bone strength or bone disease, osteoporosis tends to come up in conversation. Bone is a dynamic organ in the body and is continually being restructured. The normal process of creating bone is that it is being broken down and then being reformed.
Osteoporosis is defined as failure of the body to be able to form a new matrix when the old bone get reabsorbed. This creates weak bones that are more likely to be easily fractured or broken. Researchers estimate that twenty percent of women over the age of 50 have been diagnosed with osteoporosis. Fifty percent of women over the age of 50 will fracture their hip, wrist or vertebra.
The loss of bone density usually occurs gradually over the course of several years. Estrogen has a protective effect on bone health and as it decreases during menopause it has a negative effect on bone health. The best way to treat osteoporosis is to prevent the loss of bone in the first place. Here are a few suggestions to help prevent osteoporosis in the first place.
The best defense for osteoporosis is to create and maintain dense strong bones. Studies have shown that weight-bearing and resistance exercises help to build muscle mass and bone strength. Bones are made up of a matrix of vitamins and nutrients.
The most common vitamin and mineral discussed in relationship to bone health are vitamin D and calcium. The current recommendations for calcium is 1,200 mg and for vitamin D3 is 1,000 IU (international units).
In addition to these nutrients there are others that are important to bone health. Boron, copper, fluoride, phosphorus, iron, manganese, magnesium, potassium, vitamin C, vitamin K and zinc are also important for bone health.
Why do I mention all of these nutrients? Because they need to all be included in the discussion of bone health. There is no one food product that contains all of these nutrients. Instead there needs to be a balanced and varied diet to absorbed all of these nutrients.
Learning about preventive lifestyle methods can prevent the need for using drug therapies for bone health.